Gibbs Reflective Cycle

gibbs reflective cycle

May it be healthcare professionals or educational workers or even leaders of the nations, Gibbs Reflective Cycle comes in the most crucial method lists for all of them. 

It is for matching the learning experience to the level of practical use. This particular method of reflection assists you in systematic thinking. To structure your way of learning and thinking process, it is quite reliable for assignment writing help for students. 

This learning model was developed by Graham Gibbs, the American sociologist and psychologist. He was the author of the book ‘Learning by Doing‘, where he introduced his reflective cycle model theory. However, one can choose the clinical reasoning cycle too as it facilitates to describe the paper more effectively.

Continuing on this road, here we are going to uncover whats and Hows of this method of reflective learning.

Gibbs Reflective Cycle as a Reflective Practice

The practice of reflection models is a process of learning and analyzing your expertise. There exist various types of models out there for the experts in these fields.

Reflection is quite a comprehensive way of developing one’s self-esteem and head towards the idea of being proactive in the field of professionals.

Engaging in reflective practice should help to improve the quality of care you give and close the gap between theory and practice. When it comes to CPD ( continuous professional development), this method is going to help the professionals in performing their roles in the right way.

In the next section, we are uncovering the figural points of Gibbs Reflective Cycle, discussing each of them elaborately for knowledge.

Model Framework of Gibbs Reflective Cycle

This method of reflective writing has a total of six points of involvement:

They are consist of:

  • Description

  • Feelings

  • Evaluation

  • Analysis

  • Conclusion

  • Action Plan

Different Aspects of the Gibbs Reflective Cycle

For implementing the Gibbs Reflective Cycle into someone’s everyday learning experience, one should know the following detailed step by step guide.


In this very first step, there should be a mere but detailed introduction of the material discussed without rendering any conclusions. This may incorporate some outline information or background erudition.

All of the readers need to be involved with the piece. It should be to-the-point, engaging with, minimum remarks added.

For forming an objective description, this question might come in the aid:

  • What has occurred?

  • When did it actually occur?

  • Where did it occur?

  • Who were the people affected?

  • What did the other people present there, do?

  • What was the outcome of these efforts?


Feelings that the even had triggered are not to be evaluated or judged. This step is rather for awareness of the reader regarding the experience.

Some helpful questions will be necessary:

  • How did you respond at the moment? 

  • What did you consider at the moment?

  • What will you remember about the incident later?

  • What did you sense heading up to the situation?

  • How do you look behind on the position?

  • What do you deem other characters felt throughout the experience?

  • How do you think others consider the experience now?


The evaluation consists of the judgment of the incident that you’ve discussed in the very beginning. Also, the approach of the people towards experience and understanding the objective of the situation on the reflective paper ground.

  • What was your reaction to the very situation?

  • What went according to your thoughts during the event?

  • What was the incident, actually?

  • What didn’t go well with the event actually??

  • Why had the situation occurred?

  • What did you commit to the situation?

  • What role did the other people present in the situation play?


This one is a crucial step for even further future considerations.

In the analysis, one should consider the positive and negative aspects of the event as well, particularly for higher-level writing. Many students receive poor marks for reflective assignments for not matching the levels of the theory and the experience with each other.


In this second last step, one should take some distance and thought this through with a neutral mindset. It is imperative to acknowledge whether the situation will have a positive or negative aspect and whether there was anything else to do with it.

Last but not least, what you have learned through the overall experience, how it shaped your thoughts for any future reference.

If the effect was positive, then how would you implement this learning in the future.

If considered negative, tell the reader through your writing, that what could be avoided or left off. Or maybe some other way to make sure the same situation doesn’t occur again.Some questions for this regard should be asked through your writing.

  • What is the positive encounter influenced by the event?

  • What were the cynical perspectives of the situation?

  • If the situation occurs again, in the future, what will you do?

  • What skills should you develop while facing the same situation again?

Action Plan

This is the final step of becoming a good reflector of thoughts for conveying your readers.

This action plan includes the prospects of the future, also the things for improving the experience in this situation. Also, consider what will be a more practical approach to the same situation, every time it crosses your path. Give the reader some schedule to make it work without providing them any unrealistic promises.

Applications of Gibbs Reflective Cycle

You can always use the cycle irrespective of whether you are participating individually or in a team. If you want to open a new stream of learning, then Gibbs Reflective Cycle might be an excellent option to go. It has various types of applications lying with it.

Tutors and coaches are finding multiple ways of implementing this into their daily schedule. Also, it can be used well in higher education.

When it comes to internship assignments, the cycle can be a beneficial tool for making the intern conscious about their actions, their handling of a situation in a good or bad way. Basically, how their reflection of thoughts works on building an effort. To understand the nursing standards, Gibbs Reflective Cycle can be applied to analyze the subject deeply. 

Concluding Note on Gibbs Reflective Cycle

In this first paced modernized world, learning like any other activity requires speed and accuracy. That is why Gibbs Reflective Cycle is still quite relevant to 21st-century learners. 

This article is written from the perspective of those learners. We think this might help you in their way ahead.

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